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What Is the Architectural Style of Your Home?

“What is the architectural style of my home?” This is an important question not only for when you need to remodel but also for plain curiosity and knowledge. We often have homeowners contact us, wanting to identify the style of their house. There are many different architectural styles (and many variations of these styles), but this blog post identifies a few key distinguishing characteristics of each one.

Identifying the Style of a House

Below are the primary architectural styles—not just here in the Washington, DC area but across the country—and common characteristics.

American Bungalow Architecture

American Bungalow

  • Front porch
  • Low sloping gable roof
  • Clapboard siding
Art Deco Style
Art Deco Architecture

Art Deco

  • Rectangular blocky forms arranged in geometric fashion, broken up by curved ornamental elements
  • Decorative pieces—parapets, spires, elaborate pilasters and pediments in doorways

Colonial Revival Architecture

Colonial Revival

  • Detached two-story home with center hall
  • Simple, gabled roof
  • Clapboard and/or shingle siding
Federal Architecture
Adam Architecture

Federal/Adam

  • Simple, often with design elements that are understated
  • Geometrical fashion—elliptical, circular, and fan-shaped motifs formed by fluted radiating lines

Georgian Architecture

Georgian

  • Renaissance-inspired designs (such as rigid symmetry in window and door placement)
  • Entrances with pediments, arched tops, and ogee caps

Greek Revival Architecture

Greek Revival

  • Columns and pilasters
  • Detail elements like cornices, gables, pediments, and unadorned friezes

Italianate Architecture

Italianate

  • Wide projecting cornices with brackets
  • Richly ornamented windows (often arched or curved), porches, and doorways

Queen Anne Architecture

Queen Anne

  • Elaborate motifs on gables and other flat surfaces, like dormers, gables, turrets or towers on roofs
  • Eclecticism, asymmetry, and contrast—variety of materials and design elements
Richardsonian Romanesque Style
Richardsonian Romanesque Architecture

Richardsonian Romanesque

  • Intricacy, with unusual and sculpted shapes
  • Solid masonry stone work, often mixed with brick
  • Wide-rounded arches, especially around windows and doors
Second Empire Style
Second Empire Architecture

Second Empire

  • Ornate elements and decorative details—like iron cresting on the roof, heavily bracketed cornices, quoins, and balustrades
  • Towers

Shingle Architecture

Shingle

  • Cedar shingles
  • Numerous windows
  • De-emphasis on applied decoration and detailing
Stick Style
Stick Style Architecture

Stick

  • Asymmetrical composition
  • Verticality and angularity
  • Covered porch

Tudor Architecture

Tudor

  • Decorative half-timbering—exposed wood framework on masonry or stucco
  • Steeply pitched gable roofs and elaborate masonry chimneys (often with chimney pots)
  • Embellished doorways and groupings of windows

Resources

Wentworth has a website, AsktheArchitect.org, that is all about the different historic styles! There are pages about each style as well as galleries and informative articles. This website is a good resource on classic and modern architecture. We also recommend the book A Field Guide to American Houses: The Definitive Guide to Identifying and Understanding America’s Domestic Architecture by Virginia Savage McAlester (the new 2013 edition). It’s a great book for anyone looking to educate themselves on different styles of architecture and learn distinguishing factors of each.

The Realtor® Magazine website is another good resource. We suggest visiting their Architecture Guide page.

Home Remodeling in Washington, DC, Maryland & Northern Virginia

If you want to remodel your home, it can be helpful to know the architectural style (or talk to a professional) to ensure a renovation that is seamless and complementary. When you’re ready to discuss your project, contact the award-winning team at Wentworth!

Stick style photo courtesy: University of Massachusetts Dartmouth- Claire T. Carney Library

“ How good it was to hear that your firm has been awarded two COTY grand prizes. What a skilled designer and architect you continue to be. Your work is as earnest as it is beautiful! ”

Dave M.
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